Learning to Read Independently
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.1)
Reading Critically in the Content Areas (Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.2)
Reading Analyzing and Interpreting Literature
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.3)
1. Reads independently and fluently with 95% accuracy beginning chapter books from a variety of genres containing sentences with phrases and multi-syllabic words.
2. Recognize and understand high-frequency, familiar and new vocabulary words in isolation and in context using word recognition skills (Multiple-meaning words, content-specific words, synonym, antonyms, and affixes; re-, in-, un-, dis-, mis-, non-, -ful, -less, -able, -ible, -or, -ness, and –ment)
3. Reads, self-corrects, and clarifies meaning using monitoring strategies (predicts, revises predictions, rereads, adjusts reading rate.
4. Locates information using text organization including headings, tables of content, graphics, and charts (fiction and/or nonfiction)
5. Demonstrates comprehension by summarizing key details and events
6. Identify main idea and supporting details (fiction and nonfiction)
7. Components of fiction and nonfiction:
Character-Identify, interpret, compare, describe character’s actions, motives, dialogue, emotions, traits, relation among characters
Setting-Identify, interpret, compare, describe the setting
Plot-Identify, interpret, compare, describe elements of the plot, conflict/problem, sequence, cause and effect, solution
8. Identify, explain, interpret, compare and/or describe connections between texts (fiction and nonfiction)
9. Identify, explain, and/or interpret
personification (fiction and nonfiction)
Exaggeration (fiction and nonfiction)
fact and opinion (nonfiction)
10. Makes reasonable inferences and conclusion about the text by identifying essential information from the text as evidence (fiction and nonfiction).
11. Identify, compare, explain sequence of steps in directions (nonfiction)
12. Demonstrates comprehension through participation in guided reading discussions about various genres (fiction, non-fiction, and poetry).
13. Reads silently from a variety of genres and types of texts and maintains a reading log.
Types of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.4)
Quality of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.5)
1. Writes narratives (stories, poems) with a beginning, middle, and end including plot, dialogue, and detailed descriptions of characters and setting.
2. Writes informational pieces that develop a central idea and flow from introduction, body to conclusion using supporting details. (Descriptions, letters, reports, and instructions)
3. Uses writing to response to literature, a prompt, or answer question.
4. Writes opinion pieces with supportive facts to persuade the reader.
5. Maintains focus on topic, purpose, and audience.
6. Writes complete simple, compound, and complex sentences of differing lengths.
7. Writes using nouns, pronouns, action verbs, adjectives, adverbs, and conjunctions.
8. Revises writing to improve detail and sequence by identifying missing information and determining whether ideas follow logically.
9. Edits writing for conventional spelling (spelling benchmark words correctly)
10. Edits writing by using capital letters correctly
11. Edits writing by punctuation correctly (period, exclamation point, question point, commas in a series).
12. Write legibly and spaces letter, words, sentences, and paragraph appropriately.
Speaking and Listening
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.6)
Characteristics and Functions
of the English Language
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.7)
1. Listen to others
Ask questions as an aid to understanding
Distinguish fact from opinion
2. Listen to a selection of literature
(Fiction and/or Nonfiction)
Relate it to similar experiences
Predict what will happen next
Retell a story in chronological order
Recognize characters and tone
Identify and define new words and concepts
3. Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations
Use appropriate volume
Pronounce most words accurately
Pace speech so that it is understandable
Demonstrate an awareness of audience
4. Contribute to discussions
Ask relevant questions
Respond with appropriate information or opinions to questions asked
Listen to and acknowledge the contributions of others
Display appropriate turn taking behaviors
5. Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations
Participate in everyday conversation
Present oral readings
Deliver short reports (e.g., Show-and-Tell, field trip summary)
Conduct short interviews
Give simple directions and explanations
Report an emergency
6. Use media for learning purposes
Show or explain what was learned (e.g., audiotape, computer download)
Explain the importance of television, radio, film, and the Internet in the lives of people
Explain how advertising sells products
1. Identify words from other languages that are commonly used English words.
2. Identify differences in formal and informal speech.
3. Identify word meanings that have changed over time.
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.8)
1. Select a topic for research
2. Locate information using appropriate sources and strategies
Locate resources for a particular task (e.g., newspapers, dictionary)
Select sources (e.g., dictionaries, encyclopedias, interviews to write a family history, observations, and print/electronic media)
Use tables of contents, key words and guide words
Use traditional and electronic search tools
3. Organize and present the main ideas from the research
Take notes from sources using a structured format
Summarize, orally or in writing, the main ideas
Harcourt Reading Program
National Geographic Leveled Books
Books on tape
Scholastic Reading Counts
Scholastic Reading Inventory
Scholastic Read 180
Time for Kids
Reference books (dictionaries,, thesaurus ,etc.)
Sitton Spelling Series
Interactive educational websites
Writer’s Workshop Manuals
Supplemental Science/Social Studies Readers
Integrated Theme Tests
Pennsylvania System of School Assessment Test
4Sight Reading Assessment
Scholastic Reading Inventory (Lexile)
Scholastic Reading Counts Quizzes
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS)
Evaluate written work
Evaluate oral response
Writing to a prompt