Learning to Read Independently
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.1)
Reading Critically in the Content Areas (Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.2)
Reading Analyzing and Interpreting Literature
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.3)
1. Reads independently and fluently with 95% accuracy within texts from a variety of genres incorporating compound and complex sentences with multiple phrases and figurative language.
2. Recognize and understand high frequency, familiar, and new vocabulary words in isolation and in context using word recognition skills (synonyms, antonyms, multiple meaning words, affixes: pre-, dis-, mis-, non-, inter-, extra-, post-, super-, sub-, -less, -ble, -ly, -or, -ness, -ment, -er, -ship, -tion, -en.)
3. Reads, self-corrects, and clarifies meaning using monitoring strategies (predicts, revises predictions, rereads, adjusts reading rate, locates information, cites evidence from text to support inferences, generalizations and conclusions, uses text organization including headings, tables of content, graphics, and charts).
4. Demonstrates comprehension by summarizing key details (major points) and events (processes) in fiction and non-fiction.
5. Identify implied or stated main ideas and relevant supporting details citing evidence from text (fiction and nonfiction)
6. Demonstrates comprehension by connecting, interpreting, comparing, and describing:
Characters-actions, motives, dialogue, emotions, traits, and relationships among characters within text
Plot-conflict/problem (rising action, climax, and or resolution), sequence of events, cause and effect and solution.
7. Identify, explain, interpret, and compare describe and/or analyze the following (non-fiction and fiction):
-genre (informational, persuasive, biographical, instructional-practical/how-to/advertisement, and editorial/essay)
-relationships between characters and other components of text
-setting and its relationship with other components of text
-relationships between elements of the plot and components of text
-theme and relationships between theme and components of text
-point of view (first and third)
-text organization including sequence, question/answer, comparison/contrast, cause/effect, problem/solution
8. Demonstrates comprehension through participation in whole group and small group reading discussions about various genres (fiction, non-fiction, and poetry).
9. Reads silently from a variety of genres and types of texts and maintains a reading log.
Types of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.4)
Quality of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.5)
1. Writes multi-paragraph narratives (stories, poems) with a beginning, middle, and end, point of view, literary devices, plot, and detailed descriptions of characters, setting, and other components.
2. Writes multi-paragraph information pieces that develop a central ideas and flow from introduction, body to conclusion using supporting details (descriptions, letters, reports, and instructions).
3. Uses writing to respond to literature, prompts, and or answer questions
4. Writes multi-paragraph persuasive pieces with a clearly stated position of opinion and supporting detail, citing sources when needed.
5. Maintains focus on topic, purpose, and audience.
6. Writes with consistent voice by using complete simple, compound, and complex sentences of differing lengths and types.
7. Writes with awareness of voice by properly using, nouns, pronouns, conjunctions, interjections, prepositions, adjectives, adverbs, action verbs, specific details, indentation, and dialogue.
8. Revises writing to improve organization and word choice by checking the logic, order of ideas, and precision of vocabulary.
9. Edits writing for conventional spelling, spelling benchmark words correctly. Uses dictionaries, thesauruses, and other media to aid in writing and revising.
10. Edits writing by using capital letters correctly.
11. Edits writing by punctuating correctly (period, exclamation point, question mark, commas, quotation marks, and apostrophes).
Speaking and Listening
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.6)
1. Listen to others
* Ask pertinent questions
* Distinguish fact from opinion
* Take notes when prompted
2. Listen to a selection of literature
(Fiction and/or Nonfiction)
* Relate to personal experience and previous knowledge
* Predict the result of the story action
* Retell actions of the story in chronological order
* Identify and define new vocabulary and concepts
* Summarize the selection
*Recognize characters and tone
3. Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations
* Use complete sentences
* Pronounce and annunciate words accurately
* Use appropriate volume
* Pace speech so that it is understandable
* Speaks with a purpose in mind
* Adjust content for different audiences (e.g., fellow classmates, parents)
*Add stress (emphasis) and inflection to enhance meaning
*Use correct conventional forms of grammar (elimination of slang terminology)
4. Contribute to discussions
* Ask relevant questions
* Respond with relevant information or opinions to questions asked
* Listen to and acknowledge the contributions of others
* Adjust involvement to encourage equitable participation
* Give reasons for opinions
* Summarize, when prompted
5. Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations
* Participate in everyday conversation
* Present oral readings
* Deliver research reports
* Conduct interviews
* Plan and participate in group presentation
* Contribute to informal debates
*Give simple directions and explanations
*Display appropriate turn taking behaviors and proper conversation etiquette
6. Use media for learning purposes
* Compare information received on television with that received on radio or in newspapers
* Access information on the Internet
* Discuss the reliability of information received on Internet sources
* Explain how film can represent either accurate versions or fictional versions of the same event
* Explain the role of advertisers in the media
* Use a variety of images and sounds to create an effective presentation on a topic
*Conduct a research project and present independently
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.8)
1. Select and refine a topic for research
2. Locate information using appropriate sources and strategies
* Evaluate the usefulness and qualities of the sources
* Select appropriate sources (e.g., dictionaries, encyclopedias, thesauruses, and other reference materials, interviews, observations, computer databases, and appropriate websites)
* Use tables of contents, indices, key words, cross-references and appendices
* Use traditional and electronic search tools
3. Organize and present the main ideas from the research
* Take notes from sources using a structured format
* Organize information in a presentable manner
* Present the topic using relevant information
*Credit sources using a structured format (e.g., author, title)
Harcourt Reading Program
National Geographic Leveled Books
Books on tape
Scholastic Reading Counts
Scholastic Reading Inventory
Scholastic Read 180
Time for Kids
Reference books (dictionaries,, thesaurus ,etc.)
Sitton Spelling Series
Interactive educational websites
Writer’s Workshop Manuals
Supplemental Science/Social Studies Readers
Integrated Theme Tests
Pennsylvania System of School Assessment Test
4Sight Reading Assessment
Scholastic Reading Inventory (Lexile)
Scholastic Reading Counts Quizzes
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS)
Evaluate written work
Evaluate oral response
Writing to a prompt