Learning to Read Independently
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.1)
Reading Critically in the Content Areas (Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.2)
Reading Analyzing and Interpreting Literature
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.3)
1. Reads independently and fluently with 95% accuracy beginning and medium level chapter books from a variety of genres containing sentences with multiple phrases and descriptive and figurative language.
2. Recognize and understand high frequency, familiar, and new vocabulary words in isolation and in context (non-fiction and fiction) using context clues and word recognition skills (synonyms, antonyms, multiple meaning words, affixes: re-, pre-, in-, un-, dis-, mis-, non-, inter-, extra-, post-, super-, sub-, -ful, -less, -ble, -ly, -or, -ness,-ment, -er, -ship, -tion, -en.)
3. Reads, self-corrects, and clarifies meaning using monitoring strategies (predicts, revises predictions, rereads, adjusts reading rate, locates information, uses text organization including headings, tables of content, graphics, and charts).
4. Demonstrates comprehension by summarizing key details, processes, and events (fiction and non-fiction).
5. Identify and explain main idea and supporting details (fiction and nonfiction).
6. Demonstrates comprehension by connecting, interpreting, comparing, describing, and analyzing (non-fiction and fiction):
Characters- actions, motives, dialogue, emotions, traits, and relationships among characters within text
Setting- describe where and when
Plot- conflict/problem, sequence of events, cause / effect, rising actions, climax, and resolution
Theme- message or lesson of text and relationship between the message and other components of the texts.
7. Identify, explain, and interpret the following (non-fiction, fiction, narrative, and poetic text):
-genre of text [informational, persuasive, biographical, instructional (practical / how-to / advertisement), and editorial / essay text]
-point of view (first person or third person)
-exaggerations and bias
-sequence of events
-compare and contrast
-graphs and charts
-steps in a list of directions
8. Makes inferences and draws conclusions by identifying essential information from the text as evidence and support generalizations (fiction and non-fiction).
9. Demonstrates comprehension through participation in whole group and small group reading discussions about various genres (fiction, non-fiction, and poetry).
10. Reads silently from a variety of genres and types of texts and maintains a reading log.
Types of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.4)
Quality of Writing
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.5)
1. Writes multi-paragraph narratives (stories, poems) with a beginning, middle, and end, point of view, literary devices, plot, and detailed descriptions of characters, setting, and other components.
2. Writes multi-paragraph information pieces that develop a central idea and flow from introduction, body, to conclusion using supporting details (descriptions, letters, reports, and instructions).
3. Uses writing to respond to literature, prompts, and/or answer questions.
4. Writes multi-paragraph persuasive pieces with a clearly stated position of opinion and supporting detail to persuade the reader, citing sources when needed.
5. Maintains focus on topic, purpose, and audience.
6. Writes with consistent voice by using complete simple, compound, and complex sentences of differing lengths and types.
7. Writes with consistent voice by properly using precise language, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, action verbs, conjunctions, prepositions, interjections, specific details, indentation, and dialogue.
8. Revises writing to improve organization and word choice by checking the logic, order of ideas, and precision of vocabulary.
9. Edits writing for conventional spelling, spelling benchmark words correctly. Uses dictionaries, thesauruses, and other media to aide in writing and revising.
10. Edits writing by using capital letters correctly.
11. Edits writing by punctuating correctly (period, exclamation point, question mark, commas, quotation marks, and apostrophes).
Speaking and Listening
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.6)
1. Listen to others
Ask probing questions
Analyze information, ideas, and opinions to determine relevancy
Take notes when needed
2. Listen to a selection of literature
(Fiction and/or Nonfiction)
Relate them to previous knowledge and personal experiences
Summarize events and identify the significant points
Identify and define new words and concepts
Analyze the selections
Retell a story in chronological order
Recognize characters and tone
Use inferences to predict future events
3. Speak using skills appropriate to formal speech situations
Use complete sentences
Pronounce words correctly
Adjust volume to purpose and audience
Adjust pace to convey meaning
Add stress (emphasis) and inflection to enhance meaning
Use correct conventional forms of grammar (elimination of slang terminology)
4. Use media for learning purposes
Describe how the media provides information that is sometimes accurate, sometimes biased based on a point of view or by the opinion or beliefs of the presenter
Analyze the role of advertising in the media
Create a multimedia (e.g., film, music, computer-graphic) presentation for display or transmission
5. Contribute to discussions
Ask relevant, probing questions
Respond with relevant information, ideas or reasons in support of opinions expressed
Listen to and acknowledge the contributions of others
Adjust tone and involvement to encourage equitable participation
Clarify, illustrate or expand on a response when asked
Present support for opinions
Paraphrase and summarize, when prompted
Display appropriate turn-taking behaviors and proper conversation etiquette
6. Participate in small and large group discussions and presentations
Initiate everyday conversation
Select a topic and present an oral reading
Conduct interviews as part of the research process
Deliver research reports
Give simple directions and explanations
Conduct a research project and presentation independently
(Pennsylvania Academic Standard 1.8)
1. Select and refine a topic for research
2. Locate information using appropriate sources and strategies
Determine valid resources for researching the topic, including primary and secondary sources
Evaluate the importance and quality of the sources
Select essential sources (e.g., dictionaries, encyclopedias, other reference materials, interviews, observations, appropriate websites, and computer databases)
Use tables of contents, indices, key works, cross references and appendices
Use traditional and electronic search tools
3. Organize, summarize and present main ideas from the research
Identify the steps necessary to carry out a research project
Take relevant notes from sources
Develop a thesis statement based on the research
Give precise, formal credit for others' ideas, images or information using a standard method of documentation
Use formatting techniques to create an understandable presentation for the designated audience
Organize information in a presentable manner
Harcourt Reading Program
National Geographic Leveled Books
Books on tape
Scholastic Reading Counts
Scholastic Reading Inventory
Scholastic Read 180
Time for Kids
Reference books (dictionaries,, thesaurus ,etc.)
Sitton Spelling Series
Interactive educational websites
Writer’s Workshop Manuals
Supplemental Science/Social Studies Readers
Integrated Theme Tests
Pennsylvania System of School Assessment Test
4Sight Reading Assessment
Scholastic Reading Inventory (Lexile)
Scholastic Reading Counts Quizzes
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS)
Evaluate written work
Evaluate oral response
Writing to a prompt